The Surname Lozano

A prominent place in Mexican history

By John P. Schmal
Published on LatinoLA: January 6, 2014

The Surname Lozano

The surname Lozano has been prominent in several parts of Zacatecas, Aguascalientes and Jalisco since the arrival of the Spaniards in Nueva Galicia during the Sixteenth Century. In the "Dictionary of Surnames," Patrick Hanks and Flavia Hodges indicate that Lozano is a nickname for an elegant or haughty person ÔÇô from the Old Spanish, Locano (splendid, later "good-looking").

According to Richard D. Woods and Grace Alvarez-Altman, "Spanish Surnames in the Southwestern United States: A Dictionary," the surname Lozano refers to an area of luxurious green. This source also indicates that Lozano was originally a Castilian name from the mountains of Le??n. Some sources believe that the surname originated in ancient Segovia and is the equivalent of Lozaza from the Latin "lautianus" meaning luxurious and sprightly.

Origins in Salamanca

The "Diccionario her?íldico y geneal??gico de apellidos espa??oles y Americanos" states that one of the first notable members of this surname was Hugo Lozano, a native of Segovia, who was the secretary of King Ferdinand III (the Saint) who ruled from 1217 to 1230. However, over the centuries, various houses of the surname Lozano have also arisen in Aragon, Navarra, Asturias, La Mancha, Extremadura and Andalusia. The Lozanos in Aragon took part in the conquest of the Region of Murcia (in southeastern Spain) and the settlement of the town of Jumilla within Murcia.

One Gil Lozano, the son of Miguel Lozano, lived in the Villa de Biel in the judicial district of Sos (Zaragoza) in the early Sixteenth Century. He was the founder of one branch of Lozano's living in Biel and later in the Villa de Luna in the judicial district of Egea de los Caballeros (Zaragoza).

Another branch of the Lozano's started out in San Juan de Berrio in the judicial district of Infiesto (Asturias) in the person of Alvaro (or Alonso) Lozano, a native of that town, who married Gracia Rodr?¡guez. Some descendants of this family moved to and lived in Granada, Sevilla and Cadiz during the next three centuries. In Vizcaya, a branch of the Lozano family originated in the Villa de Bilbao.


During the Sixteenth Century, a significant number of Lozano's left Spain for Nueva Espa??a (Mexico). Three of these immigrants ÔÇô listed in Pasajeros a Indias -- were:

ÔÇó Ant??n Lozano and Mar?¡a de Aguilar, his wife, residents of Los Angeles in Nueva Espa??a embarked from Spain to Mexico in a return trip to their residence in 1557

ÔÇó Catalina Lozano, daughter of Juan Gilado and Mar?¡a Lozano, a resident and native of Sevilla, also embarked for Nueva Espa??a in 1557

ÔÇó Pedro Lozano, a native of Archilla in Spain, the son of Juan Lozano and Teresa Fern?índez, embarked for Nueva Espa??a as the servant of Luis M?®ndez de Sotomayor (cleric) on January 11, 1593

Mexico City: Asunci??n Parish

The surname Lozano made an early appearance in Asunci??n Cathedral in Mexico City during the Sixteenth Century. On June 19, 1582, a Francisco Losano was married to Ana Rodriguez in the Church. And, a year later, on Sept. 27, 1583, another Francisco Losano was married to one Francisca Osorio.

A few years later, on January 21, 1585, Alonso Losano, the son of Xpoval (Cristoval) Losano and Maria Perez, all residents of Mexico City, was married to Barbara de Quiros (Family History Library Film 35267). Although some of the Mexico City Lozano's eventually moved on to other parts of the country, the surname is still fairly common in Mexico City and the Federal District today.

Lozano's in Aguascalientes

Although it has not been absolutely verified at this time, Juan Lozano, a native of Lob??n, Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain, and Ines Martinez are believed to be the ancestors of the Lozano family that settled in Aguascalientes in the early years of the Seventeenth Century. The name of Cristobal Lozano appears in the earliest parish registers of that city. On November 29, 1609, two Indian laborers employed by Cristobal Lozano were married in the Church of Aguascalientes. In 1614, he is first mentioned as a padrino at the wedding of a couple.

Then, on April 1, 1619, Juana Lozano, the daughter of Cristobal Lozano and Mar?¡a de Isla, was married to Hernando de Velasco, a resident of Zamora (the son of Diego Arias Puebla y Maria de Velasco, natives of Valladolid). At the same time, Juana's parents were still in the process of building their own family in the Hacienda de Xiconaque. Several of Crist??val Lozano and Mar?¡a de Isla's children were baptized in the early years of the Villa, including Leonor (May 22, 1617) and Magdalena (September 7, 1619).

Although Lozano has been a very common surname in parts of Aguascalientes, it was equally prevalent south of Aguascalientes in Nochistl?ín (Zacatecas) and Jalostotitl?ín (Jalisco).

Lozanos of Zacatecas

Finding the Spanish origins of Mexican families can be difficult when you consider that the Atlantic journey for many families took place several centuries ago. A Zacatecas will dated September 9, 1674 described the testament of one Pedro Lozano. Among other things, the will said that Pedro Lozano was the son of Francisco Lozano and Teresa de Alcolea (both deceased) who were residents of "Lugar de Campisarcalos, jurisdiccion de la villa de Miedes, Obispado de Siguenza" (in Zaragoza). Pedro's own wife was Antonia de Urquicu and his children were listed: Pedro, Francisco, Ignacia, Joseph (a priest) and Teresa. Their descendants appear to be inhabitants of Monterrey (Nuevo Leon).

Lozanos of Monterrey

The Monterrey Cathedral marriage records start in 1667 and are available on Family History Library Film 605179. One of the earliest marriages in this book is the October 2, 1669 marriage of Pedro Lozano and Mariana de la Garza. Capitan Pedro Lozano and his wife had eight children between the years of 1670 and 1687 and many of these descendants continued to live in Nuevo Leon for many generations.

Capitan Pedro Lozano died on April 20, 1708 and was buried on the same date in the chapel of San Francisco Javier in Monterrey. His wife died nine years later, also in Monterrey. Their descendants are shown at the following link:

According to Kimberly Powell, "Meanings of Hispanic Surnames," Lozano is the 51st most common surname in Spain, with an estimated 39,000 people bearing the surname. The surname is also believed to be fairly prevalent in many regions of Mexico today.

Copyright ?® 2013 by John P. Schmal. All Rights Reserved.


Archivo General de Indias. "Pasajeros a Indias: Libros de Asientos" (Sevilla, 1978).

De Atienza, Julio. "Nobiliario Espa??ol: Diccionario Heraldico de Apellidos Espa??oles y de Titulos Nobiliarios" (Madrid, 1959).

Garc?¡a y Carraffa, Alberto and Arturo. "Diccionario Her?íldico y Geneal??gico de Apellidos Espa??oles y Americanos" (1920-1963), 86 volumes.

Hanks, Patrick and Hodges, Flavia, "A Dictionary of Surnames" (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988).

Iglesia Catolica, Catedral (Monterrey, Nuevo Leon). "Registro Parroquiales, 1667-1968." FHL Microfilm #605179.

Inclan, John D. "The Descendents of Captain Pedro Lozano Rodriguez And Dona Marianna de la Garza y Rocha" Online: .

M?®ndez de Torres y Camino, Daniel Alejandro. "Archivos Parroquiales de Aguascalientes: Siglo XVII" (San Jose, California: 2011).

"Notarias of Felipe de Espinoza, Caja 02, Experiente de 1674." From: "Gonzalez Direct Lines - Person Sheet." Available at: .

Powell, Kimberly. "Spanish Surnames & Origins: Meanings of Common Hispanic Last Names." Online: .

Woods, Richard D. and Alvarez-Altman, Grace. "Spanish Surnames in the Southwestern United States: A Dictionary" (G. K. Hall, Boston, 1978).

About John P. Schmal:
John Schmal is a market analyst, genealogist and historian. He specializes in researching families from Aguascalientes, Zacatecas and Jalisco.
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